Alabama Voting Quick Facts
Who Can Register to vote in Alabama
Voter registration is governed in Alabama by state law and the federal National Voter Registration Act (commonly known as "motor voter").
For information on the National Voter Registration Act and voter registration opportunities under the Act,
please click here.
To register to vote in the State of Alabama, an individual must meet the following qualifications:
- Be a United States Citizen
- Reside in Alabama
- Be at least 18 years of age on or before election day
- You cannot be barred from voting by reason of a disqualifying felony conviction.
- Have not been legally declared "mentally incompetent" by a court
How Do I Register To Vote in Alabama
Voter registration is also available from your local County Board of Registrars.
Click here to get the address and phone number for the board of registrars office in your county
You may download the State of Alabama Mail-In Voter Registration Form from here .Then,
just print it, fill it out, and mail it in to your local board of registrars.
Any individual registering to vote must send the completed application with his/her original signature
to the county's Board of Registrars in which he/she resides.
Click here to download the Mail-In Voter Registration Form
Alabama enables residents to register through their online voter registration portal.
Click here to Register Online
You may also request a postcard voter registration from by e-mail.
Click here to request a voter registration form.
You may also apply to register to vote when you renew your
State of Alabama driver's license or your identification card. Please check with your local probate office
or license commissioner's office for further details.
Click here to view Agency-Based Voter Registration locations
Postcard Voter Registration
To apply for voter registration by mail, pick up a postcard voter registration form at any one of these participating locations, fill it out completely, and mail it back to your county's Board of Registrars.
Click here to view Postcard-Based Voter Registration locations
Voting At The Polls On Election Day
WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING
Beginning with the June 3, 2014 primary election, Act 2011-673 requires an Alabama voter to have a specific
type of photo identification at the polls in order to vote. If a voter does not have one of the approved forms of photo ID
as stated in the law, then he or she may receive a free Alabama photo voter ID from various locations including the Secretary
of State's Office, local county board of registrars' offices, and a mobile location to be determined by the
Secretary of State's Office.
Valid ID at the Polls
- voter can use any of the following forms of photo ID at the polls starting June 3, 2016
- Valid Driver's License
- Valid Non-driver ID
- Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID
- Valid State Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
- Valid Federal Issued ID
- Valid US Passport
- Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County Government,
Municipality, Board, Authority, or other entity of this state
- Valid student or employee ID from a college or university in the State of
Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
- Valid Military ID >
- Valid Tribal ID
If a voter possesses any of these forms of ID, he/she is not eligible to receive a free
Alabama photo voter ID card. The voter must bring one of these photo IDs to the polls on Election Day or place
a copy of the ID in absentee ballot materials.
A voter who is required to present valid photo identification but who does not do so will be
allowed to vote a provisional ballot as provided for by law.
In addition, a voter who does not have a valid photo ID in his or her possession at the polls
shall be permitted to vote if the individual is positively identified by two election officials as a voter on
the poll list who is eligible to vote and the election officials sign a sworn affidavit so stating.
Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in Alabama
Both Democrats and Republicans hold Open Primaries
When I voted in the Primary Election, I was asked to declare a political party preference. Why is that?
In Alabama, the primary election is part of the nominating process for a political party.
It is used to select who will represent a party in the general election.
You are required to choose one political party's primary over another because you cannot participate in the nomination of both parties' candidates.However, in the general election, you may split your ticket and vote for candidates from each political party.
What happens if I do not want to declare a political party preference at the Primary Election?
If you choose not to declare a political preference at the primary election, you will not be eligible to vote in any political party's primary election.
You are, however, still eligible to vote on any proposed constitutional amendments that are up for a vote.
I voted in my political party's Primary Election. My party is not having a runoff. Can I vote in the other party's runoff?
The Democratic Party has a cross-over voting rule which prohibits anyone who voted in the Republican Party primary
from voting in the Democratic Party's primary runoff. The Republican Party does not have a cross-over voting rule.
It is okay for voters who participated in the Democratic primary to vote in the Republican runoff.
Therefore, if you voted in the Democratic primary, you may vote in either the Democratic runoff or the Republican runoff
If you voted in the Republican primary, you may vote only in the Republican runoff.
Parties have the option under state law to require primary voters to sign a statement that they will support the party's nominees in the general election. Parties also have an option generally to impose other qualifications. No party currently uses either
Click here for additional information
Who Can Vote Absentee in Alabama
Absentee Voting Eligibility: voter may cast an absentee ballot if he or she
- WILL BE ABSENT FROM THE COUNTY on election day
- IS ILL OR HAS A PHYSICAL DISABILITY that prevents a trip to the polling place
- IS A REGISTERED ALABAMA VOTER LIVING OUTSIDE THE COUNTY, such as a member of the armed forces, a
voter employed outside the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
- IS AN APPOINTED ELECTION OFFICER OR POLL WATCHER at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place
- WORKS A REQUIRED SHIFT, 10-HOURS OR MORE, that coincides with polling hours
BUSINESS/MEDICAL EMERGENCY VOTING applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 PM on the day before the election, if the voter:
- is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on election day for
an emergency business trip, or
- has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician
In addition to application information outlined in the next section, the business emergency application contains an affidavit acknowledging that the voter was not aware of the out-of-county business trip prior to the normal absentee ballot deadline. The medical emergency application requires that the attending physician describe and certify the circumstances as constituting an emergency.
Absentee ballot application
- To obtain an absentee ballot, write or visit the local Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk),
request an absentee ballot, and provide the following:
- name and residential address (or other such information in order to verify voter registration)
- election for which the ballot is requested
- reason for absence from polls on election day
- party choice, if the election is a party primary. (It is not necessary to give a party choice for
a general election; however, in a party primary a voter may participate in only one political party's primary;
thus a choice must be designated so that the appropriate ballot can be provided. If the voter declines or fails
to designate a choice for a primary or primary runoff ballot, the absentee election manager may send only the ballot
for constitutional amendments.)
- address to which the ballot should be mailed
- voter signature (If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed)
The absentee ballot application must be returned to the Absentee Election Manager by the voter in person (or by the voter's designee in the case of medical emergency voting) or by U.S. Mail. No absentee ballot application may be mailed in the same envelope as another voter's absentee ballot application.
Upon receiving the absentee ballot application, the Absentee Election Manager may request additional evidence on the reason for voting absentee if the voter has a history of absentee voting. The absentee ballot applications must turned in no later than the fifth calendar day before the election.
- If the absentee ballot application is approved, the Absentee Election Manager
- forwards the absentee ballot by U.S. Mail, or
- personally hands the absentee ballot to the voter (or to a designee in the case of emergency voting)
- The absentee ballot comes with three envelopes -- one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath,
printed on the outside, and one plain envelope, preaddressed (the outer envelope). Once the voter casts the ballot, the procedure
is as follows:
- Seal the ballot in the plain envelope
- Place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope
- Seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope
- Sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older
- Place the affidavit envelope and a COPY of voter identification inside the outer envelope
- Remember to place a copy of your I.D. (NOT THE ORIGINAL) inside the outer envelope
WITNESSES OR NOTARIZATION
- An absentee ballot cannot be counted unless the affidavit is notarized or has the signatures of two witnesses.
- The voter has only the following legal ways to return the absentee ballot:
- forwards the absentee ballot by U.S. Mail, or
- personally hands the absentee ballot to the absentee election manager (or delivers by a
designee in the case of emergency absentee voting)
- An absentee ballot returned by mail must be postmarked no later than the day prior to the election and received
by the Absentee Election Manager no later than noon on election day. If hand-delivered, the ballot must be in the office
of the Absentee Election Manager by the close of business (but no later than 5 p.m.) on the day prior to the election.
What If My Address Has Changed
I have moved from one part of the country to another and want to vote. What should I do?
- You must contact the Board of Registrars and submit an update to your voter registration record. Remember, where you live determines who represents you. To be sure you are voting on candidates in the correct district, it is important that you vote in the correct precinct.
I have moved from one county to another and want to vote. What should I do?
- When you move across county lines, you must register to vote in your new county of residence. Voter registration does not automatically follow you from one county to another.
- At School: If you attend school in Alabama, you can establish residency in Alabama if you have a present intention to remain at your Alabama school address for the time being and to make it your principal home. Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional.
- Your eligibility to vote can also be challenged at the polls, but only by an inspector (that is, an official poll worker). If an inspector challenges your eligibility, you will have to vote a provisional ballot. The inspector will have to sign a statement under penalty of perjury saying why he or she thinks you are ineligible, and you are entitled to a copy of that statement. You should also get a letter after the election from the county registrars explaining how you can respond to the challenge, which you will have to do within one week of the election. Any challenge made solely on the basis of your student or tuition status is invalid.
- Voting in Alabama may be considered a declaration of residency, potentially making you subject to other laws that govern state residents.
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