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Florida Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in Florida

To register to vote in the State of Florida, an individual must meet the following qualifications:

  • Be a United States Citizen
  • Be a legal Resident of Florida,
  • Be 18 years old (you may pre-register to vote if you are 16 years old, but you cannot vote until you are 18 years old).
  • Not have been convicted of a felony without your civil rights having been restored; and Provide your current and valid Florida driver's license number or Florida identification card number.
  • Not have been adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other state without having the right to vote restored
  • Provide your current and valid Florida driver’s license number or Florida identification card number. If you do not have a Florida driver’s license number or a Florida identification card number then you must provide the last four digits of your Social Security Number. If you do not have any of these items, you must write “none” in the box or field.

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote in Florida?

How Do I Register To Vote in Florida

voter registration agency

Apply through any "voter registration agency" (i.e., any government entity designated by the National Voter Registration Act or state law who must allow you to apply to register) at the same time you obtain new or renewing agency services or update your address for the continued receipt of such services

Click here to view Agency-Based Voter Registration locations

Voting At The Polls On Election Day

WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING

Whether during early voting or on Election Day, you will be asked to provide at the polls a valid photo ID with signature. Any one of the following photo IDs will be accepted

  • Florida driver’s license
  • Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  • United States passport
  • Debit or credit card
  • Military identification
  • Student identification
  • Retirement center identification
  • Neighborhood association identification
  • Public assistance identification.
  • Veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs
  • A license to carry a concealed weapon or firearm
  • Employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality.

If your photo ID does not include your signature, you will be asked to provide another ID that has your signature.

If you do not bring proper ID, you can still vote a provisional ballot. As long as you are eligible and voted in the proper precinct, your provisional ballot will count provided the signature on your provisional ballot matches the signature in your registration record.

Learn more about Voting at the Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in Florida

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Closed Primaries

I want to vote in the primary. Do I have to be a Democrat or Republican?

Since Florida is a closed primary state, only voters who are registered members of the respective political party's candidates can vote for those candidate nominees in a primary election.Typically that would be either one of the two major political parties (Republicans and Democrats) but it can also include minor political parties if they have candidates for an office on the primary election ballot.

All registered voters can vote in a primary election, regardless of which major or minor political party they are registered or even if they are registered without a specific party affiliation when:

  • All the candidates for an office have the same party affiliation and the winner of the primary election will not face any opposition in the general election (i.e. no write-in candidates have qualified).
  • The race is nonpartisan (i.e., prohibited from qualifying or campaigning based upon party affiliation) (e.g., judicial and school board offices, nonpartisan special districts or local referendum questions).

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in Florida

As of July 1, 2016, the term “Absentee Ballot” has changed to “Vote-by-Mail Ballot.” Language on our website has been updated accordingly. For additional information, please refer to Chapter 2016-37, Laws of Florida.

What is Vote-by-Mail?

Vote-by-mail refers to voting a ballot received by mail or picked up by or for a voter who is unable or unwilling to go to the polls to vote during early voting or Election Day. A voter does not have to be absent from the county of residence or have an excuse in order to vote-by-mail except on Election Day (see details below). A request covers all elections through the end of the calendar year for the second ensuing regularly scheduled general election. To receive a vote-by-mail ballot, the voter or authorized person must contact his or her county Supervisor of Elections.

How to Request a Vote-by-Mail Ballot

  • A request for a vote-by-mail ballot may be made in one of the following ways:
  • Online application on your county Supervisors of Elections' website
  • In writing (e.g., by email, fax, mail) to Supervisor of Elections
  • In person at Supervisor of Elections
  • By telephone call to Supervisor of Elections
  • Click here to locate your Supervisor of Elections

If you are making the request, the following information is required:

  • The name of the voter for whom the ballot is being requested;
  • The voter’s address;
  • The voter’s date of birth; and
  • The voter’s signature (if the request is written).

If an immediate family member or legal guardian is requesting a vote-by-mail ballot for you, the following additional information must be provided:

  • The requestor’s address;
  • The requestor’s driver’s license number (if available);
  • The requestor’s relationship to the voter; and
  • The requestor’s signature (if the request is written).

The deadline to request that a vote-by-mail ballot be mailed is no later than 5 p.m. on the 6th day before the election. Otherwise, a vote-by-mail ballot can be picked-up until and including on Election Day. However, the ballot must still be received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day if the voted ballot is to count.

Who Can Pick Up a Vote-by-Mail Ballot

  • A voter can pick up or have delivered his or her own vote-by-mail ballot at any time the ballot becomes available, including up to 7 p.m. on Election Day. A voter can also authorize in writing a designee to pick up the ballot for him or her but the earliest the designee can then pick up the ballot is five days before Election Day. A designee is limited to picking up two vote-by-mail ballots per elections (not including his or her own ballot and ballots for immediate family members. Additionally, a designee must submit a completed Affidavit to Pick-up a Vote-by-Mail Ballot for a Voter (DS-DE 37 - English PDF/ Español PDF), which includes the written authorization from the Voter. If there is no request on record, the voter will also have to submit the request part of the Affidavit.
  • If a voter or designee waits until Election Day to pick up or have delivered a vote-by-mail ballot, the Election Day Vote-by-Mail Ballot Delivery Affidavit (DS-DE 136 - English PDF/ Español PDF) must also be completed in which the voter affirms that he or she has as an emergency that keeps the voter from being able to go his or her assigned polling place instead to vote.

How to Vote an Absentee Ballot

  • Instructions for completing the vote-by-mail ballot are included with the ballot. The voted ballot must be returned and received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day. Other return options are available for Military and Overseas Voters.
  • If the voter decides to go to the polls to vote instead, the voter should bring the vote-by-mail ballot (whether it has been marked or not). Even if the voter comes to the polls without the vote-by-mail ballot, the voter will still be able to vote a regular ballot if the supervisor of elections' office is able to confirm that it has not received the voter's vote-by-mail ballot. However, if it is confirmed that the voter have already voted a vote-by-mail ballot, the voter cannot vote again at the polls. If the voter believes or insists that the supervisor of elections' office is wrong about receiving the vote-by-mail ballot or if the supervisor of elections' office cannot confirm that the voter has already voted an vote-by-mail ballot, the voter is allowed to vote a provisional ballot.

How to Correct a Missing Signature on Your Vote-by-Mail Ballot

  • If you forgot to sign your certificate with the returned vote-by-mail ballot, you may still have the opportunity to correct the omission by completing and returning an Omitted Signature Affidavit for Vote-by-Mail Ballot (DS–DE 139 - English PDF / Español PDF) with a copy of your identification. The deadline to submit the Affidavit, however, is no later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election. Failure to follow the instructions carefully may cause your ballot not to count.

How to Track Your Vote-by-Mail Ballot Request and Returned Ballot

  • Any voter who has requested a vote-by-mail ballot can track online the status of his or her ballot through a link within the Division of Elections' Check your Voter Status website or through their county Supervisor of Elections' website.

Learn more about Absentee voting

What If My Address Has Changed

How to Update Your Voter Registration Record and Replace a Voter Information Card

  • If you move within a county after you have registered to vote, or move to a new county within Florida, please notify the Supervisor of Elections of the county of your new residence. You may make the change in person, by phone or other electronic means or by other signed, written notice (including the Florida Voter Registration Application (English PDF / Español PDF)). You must provide your date of birth.

College student

  • At School. If you move to a school address in Florida, you can establish residency in Florida if you have a present intention to remain at your Florida school address for the time being, and intend to make it your principal home. Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional. [11] Under Florida law, you must be a “legal resident” of the state and election district in which you register.[12] Florida courts have held that the best proof of a voter’s residency is “where he says it is.”[13] As long as you register to vote using a legal Florida address, no further proof of residency should be required.[14]

Learn more about Movers/college students Voting

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check Florida upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 7:00 AM-7:00 PM

100.011 Opening and closing of polls, all elections: The polls shall be open at the voting places at 7:00 a.m., on the day of the election, and shall be kept open until 7:00 p.m., of the same day, and the time shall be regulated by the customary time in standard use in the county seat of the locality.

Any elector who is in line at the time of the official closing of the polls shall be allowed to cast a vote in the election.
The time of opening and closing of the polls shall be observed in all elections held in this state, including municipal and school elections.

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use election.dos.state.fl.us to find your polling location. If you have any issues or questions, please contact your County Clerk

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NO: Florida does not provide Same Day Voter Registration. You must register to vote by the voter registration deadline in order to vote in an election. If you miss the voter registration deadline for an election you should contact your local election office.

Can I Take Time Off For Voting?

No specific law requiring time off to vote

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