Illinois Voting Quick Facts
Who Can Register to vote in Illinois
To register to vote in the State of Illinois, an individual must meet the following qualifications:
- Be a United States Citizen
- Be at least 18 years of age by Election Day;
- Be a resident of the precinct at least 30 days prior to Election Day.
- Not be convicted and in jail
- Not claim the right to vote anywhere else
How Do I Register To Vote in Illinois
Click here to get the address and phone number for the board of registrars office in your county
Under federal law, citizens may apply to register to vote by mailing in an application.
Click here to download the Mail-In Voter Registration Form
Plus registration is available online and through deputy registrars.
Click here to Register Online
You can go to register in any of these places.
Click here to view Agency-Based Voter Registration locations
Voting At The Polls On Election Day
WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING
Regular elections are held on the third Tuesday in March (primary) and the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November (general) of even-numbered years. In odd-numbered years, some jurisdictions have a primary on the last Tuesday in February and all jurisdictions have an election on the first Tuesday of April (consolidated).
Each voter must vote at his/her precinct polling place. Check your polling place location with the election authority for your jurisdiction.
Instructions for First Time Voters Who Registered by Mail
- If you register by mail, you must vote in person the first time, either at the polling place,
in-person absentee or early voting, unless you submit with your mail-in registration form your driver license number or state ID number, the last four digits of your social security number, or one of the forms of ID listed below. Voters voting under the provisions of UOCAVA and the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act do not have to vote in person for the first time after having registered by mail.
Any of the following IDs may be used:
- A current and valid photo identification
- Utility bill
- Bank statement
- Government check
- Lease or contract for residence
- Student ID and mail addressed to voter's residence
- Government document
The above listed forms of ID must show your name and address and must be presented to the election officials before being permitted to vote. If you do not present a required form of identification either at the time of submitting your mail-in registration or at the time of voting, you may vote a Provisional Ballot.
- Voters whose names do not appear on the poll list, or are unable to comply with the identification requirements for mail-in registrants, are entitled to vote by provisional ballot if they declare they are registered to vote in the jurisdiction and eligible to vote in the election.
Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in Illinois
Both Democrats and Republicans hold Semi-Closed Primaries
Voting In Primaries
In a Primary Election you will be required to call for the ballot of the party for which you wish to vote. You may call for the ballot of any party conducting a primary and may change party from one primary to the next.
Any time a public question is submitted to the voters in a primary, the question will appear on the party primary ballots; however, you may vote the public question without declaring a party affiliation by requesting a Non-partisan ballot containing the question only.
Click here for additional information
Who Can Vote Absentee in Illinois
WHO MAY VOTE BY MAIL?
- Any qualified elector of the State of Illinois who is properly registered to vote may apply for a vote by mail ballot.
- Any registered or non-registered member of the United States Armed Forces while on active
duty, members of the Merchant Marines, and/or U.S. Government employee serving outside the U.S., as well as his/her spouse and dependent(s)* who expect to be absent from their county of residence on Election Day may apply for a vote by mail ballot.
- Any registered and non-registered citizen of the United States, temporarily out of the country,
and his/her spouse and dependent(s) of voting age when residing with or accompanying him/her,
who maintain a precinct residence in a county in this State may apply for a vote by mail ballot.
- Any State or federal employee (and their spouse) who had a voting residence in the precinct at
the time he/she entered employment, but who now resides elsewhere due to state or federal
employment, may retain his/her voting rights in that precinct.
- Dependent children of military members who have never resided in Illinois are eligible to vote,and may also vote by mail.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS TO VOTE BY MAIL?
- A voter must obtain an application for a vote by mail ballot, either by mail, in person or online (if
available) from his/her election authority (county clerk or board of election commissioners).
These applications may also be produced, reproduced or distributed by anyone. Upon receiving
the application, the voter completes and returns it to the election authority. It must include his/her
name; home address; address where he/she wants the ballot mailed; party affiliation for a primary
election; and signature*
- The completed application must then be returned to the election authority
with in the appropriate time frame. Such ballot shall be delivered to the elector only upon separate
application by the elector for each election.
- If application is made electronically, and the applicant has properly filled it out, a signature is not required.
WHEN CAN AN APPLICATION BE MADE TO VOTE BY MAIL?
- In Person: Not more than 90 days nor less than 1 day prior to the election.
- By Mail inside the US:Not more than 90 days or less than 5 days prior to the election.
- By Mail outside the US:Not less than 30 days prior to the election to receive full ballot or; Less than 30 days prior to the election, but more than 10 days prior to the election to
receive a Federal Ballot only.
What If My Address Has Changed
If I move,can I still vote?
- If you moved within 27 days of the election in the same precinct you can vote a full ballot by
signing an affidavit.
- If you moved more than 30 days before the election within the same election jurisdiction, but outside your precinct, and did not transfer your registration, you my grace-
period update your registration through Election Day and then grace-period vote; alternativelyyou may vote for federal offices only after completing an address correction form.
- If you moved within 30 days before the election outside of your precinct, but you still live in the
State, and did not transfer your registration, you may grace-period update your registration to your new address through Election Day and grace-
period vote, or vote a full ballot in your old polling place after completing an affidavit.
- If you moved more than 30 days before the election out of your county or municipality under a board of election commissioners and did not transfer your registration, you can only vote by re-registering from your new address.
- At School. Students can establish residency in Illinois if they have a present intention to remain at their Illinois school address for the time being, and they intend to make it their principal home. Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional. In practice, the state elections division lets students choose whether they want to register at their previous address or at their school address. However, Illinois courts have indicated that they will presume that students have a permanent abode at their parentsâ address.
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