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Missouri Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in Missouri

Under federal law, if you move within 30 days of a presidential election, you are allowed to vote for President and Vice President in your former state of residence, either in person or by absentee ballot.

Voter Registration Forms must be POSTMARKED by the Election Day deadline (30 days before election day). If you need to update your name and address or register for the first time, there are 3 easy ways to get your voter registration application.PRINT AND MAIL, PICK UP AND MAIL, or REQUEST AND MAIL.

Your Voter Registration Form must be POSTMARKED by the 4th Wednesday before the election.

You have the right to vote in Missouri if:

  • You are both a U.S. citizen and a resident of Missouri; and
  • You will be at least 18 years of age on or before the next General or Municipal Election, and
  • You are not currently on probation or parole after being convicted of a felony; and
  • You are not confined under a sentence of imprisonment; and
  • You were never convicted of a felony or misdemeanor connected with voting or the right of suffrage.

Where to Register to Vote

  • Missourians can register to vote:
  • By filling out the Missouri Voter Registration Application
  • At the office of the local election authority -- Local Election Authority Contact Information
  • At any Department of Motor Vehicles office, or state agency providing a service to the public (WIC, Social Services, etc)

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote In Missouri?

How Do I Register To Vote in Missouri

Voting At The Polls On Election Day

WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING

Important:

  • Before receiving a ballot, voters shall establish their identify and eligibility to vote at the polling place by presenting a form of personal identification.

Acceptable IDs to Vote -Registered voters need to present ONLY ONE of the following types of ID:

  • Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state
  • Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof
  • Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter
  • Driver's license or state identification card issued by another state

If you do not possess any of these forms of identification, you may still cast a ballot if two supervising election judges, one from each major political party, attest they know you.

Learn more about Missouri: Voting at the Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in Missouri

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Open Primaries

Presidential Preference Primary

Primary voters may select only one party's ballot. Voters who do not wish to give a political party preference may request an issues only ballot, if one is available in that particular jurisdiction.

State Primary

Voters who do not wish to select a party ballot may request a ballot containing other issues, if their jurisdiction’s ballot contains issues.

August primary elections are for political parties to nominate their general election candidates. Missourians don't register by party, but you must choose one party's ballot when voting in the primary, or choose to vote an "issues only" ballot (which will not include ANY candidates).

Since Missouri has open primaries, every eligible registered voter may select the party ballot of their choice. However, primary voters may select only one party's ballot. Voters who do not wish to give a political party preference may request an issues only ballot, if one is available in that particular jurisdiction.

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in Missouri

Registered Missourians who expect to be prevented from going to their polling place on Election Day may vote absentee beginning six weeks prior to an election.

Absentee voters must provide one of the following reasons for voting absentee:

  • Absence on Election Day from the jurisdiction of the election authority in which such voter is registered to vote;
  • Religious belief or practice;
  • Employment as an election authority, as a member of an election authority, or by an election authority at a location other than such voter's polling place;
  • Incarceration, provided all qualifications for voting are retained.
  • Certified participation in the address confidentiality program established under sections 589.660 to 589.681 because of safety concerns.

Voters can request absentee ballots from their local election authority in person or by fax. Faxed absentee ballot requests should be submitted to the appropriate local election authority. Relatives within the second degree (spouse, parents and children) may complete an absentee ballot application, in person, on behalf of the voter who wishes to vote absentee. DO NOT SEND ABSENTEE BALLOT APPLICATIONS TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE'S OFFICE. ABSENTEE BALLOT APPLICATIONS MUST BE SENT TO THE APPROPRIATE LOCAL ELECTION AUTHORITY BY THE DEADLINE IN ORDER TO BE VALID. Contact information for local election authorities and an absentee ballot application form may be found at the links below.

Mail in or faxed absentee ballot requests must be received by the election authority no later than the 5:00 p.m. on the Wednesday prior to any election. Voters can vote by absentee in the office of the local election authority until 5:00 p.m. the night before the election.

Voters requesting an absentee ballot by mail who have registered by mail and have not voted in person are required to submit a copy of their personal identification unless they provided a copy with their registration application. Examples of acceptable identification are:

  • Identification issued by the state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority of the state;
  • Identification issued by the United States government or agency thereof;
  • Identification issued by an institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school, located within the state of Missouri;
  • A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter;
  • Driver’s license or state identification card issued by another state; or
  • Other identification approved by the secretary of state under rules promulgated pursuant to subsection 3 of this section other identification approved by federal law.

This identification requirement, as well as the notary requirement for absentee ballots, does not apply to overseas voters, those on active military duty or members of their immediate family living with them or voters who are permanently disabled and their caregivers.

Learn more about Absentee Voting

What If My Address Has Changed

3. What should I do about my registration if I move, or change my name?

  • In order to change your name in the voter registration lists, you need to contact the election authority before the election or an election judge at your polling place and notify them of the change. The election authority will enter the change on the record and issue new voter identification cards. Voters are allowed to vote at one election under the old name without changing their voter registration after notifying the election judges of the name change.
  • In order to find out how you can update your registration to vote because of change of name or change of address, visit our register to vote page.
  • If you have moved to a different address within the same county, you are permitted to change your registration address on Election Day at your new polling place or the central polling location. It is recommended that you contact your local election official with any address changes prior to Election Day in order to determine your assigned polling place.
  • In order to change your address if you move outside the boundaries of the election jurisdiction in which you were previously registered, you will need to fill out a new voter registration application.
  • If you moved before the deadline to register for an election, you must complete your new registration prior to the registration deadline in order to be eligible to vote a full ballot in your new jurisdiction. If you moved after the registration deadline, you will be entitled to vote a limited ballot, containing only federal and statewide candidates and issues once you submit a completed voter registration application in person with the local election authority. People moving from one election jurisdiction to another prior to the registration deadline who fail to register to vote by the registration deadline will not be able to vote in that particular election.
  • If you moved to Missouri after the deadline to register for a presidential election, you are entitled to register and vote only a presidential and vice presidential ballot in your new jurisdiction.

College students

  • At School. Students can establish residency in Missouri if they have a present intention to remain at their Missouri school address for the time being, and they intend to make it their principal home.[7] Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional.
  • At Home. Students who lived in Missouri prior to attending school and who wish to establish or keep their Missouri voting residency (i.e., at their parents’ address) should have no problem doing so unless they have already registered to vote in another state. Like all states, Missouri allows students to keep their voting residency even if they move out of the county or state to attend school. The only way you will lose this residency is if you “abandon” it by asserting residency in a new state. While registering to vote in another state is not automatically considered an abandonment of residency in Missouri, some judges or officials might view it as such. If you have established residency in another state and are moving back to Missouri with the intent to reside here, you will have to follow the normal registration procedures to re-register at home.
  • Voting in Missouri may be considered a declaration of residency, potentially making you subject to other laws that govern state residents.

Learn more about Movers/college students Voting

Have A Question?

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check Missouri upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 6:00 AM-7:00 PM

The election judges shall open the polls at six o’clock in the morning and keep them open until seven o’clock in the evening. At seven o’clock in the evening, all voters at the polls, including any in line to vote, shall be permitted to vote.

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use www.sos.mo.gov. Voters from Boone and St. Charles County will be redirected to their respective county websites. If you have a non-standard address such as rural route, you will need to contact your Local Election Authority instead of using this lookup. If you have any issues or questions, please contact your County Clerk

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NO: Missouri does not provide Same Day Voter Registration. You must register to vote by the voter registration deadline in order to vote in an election. If you miss the voter registration deadline for an election you should contact your local election office.

Can I Take Time Off For Voting? Yes

Any person entitled to vote at any election held within this state shall, on the day of such election, be entitled to absent himself from any services or employment in which he is then engaged or employed, for a period of three hours between the time of opening and the time of closing the polls for the purpose of voting, and any such absence for such purpose shall not be reason for the discharge of or the threat to discharge any such person from such services or employment; and such employee, if he votes, shall not, because of so absenting himself, be liable to any penalty or discipline, nor shall any deduction be made on account of such absence from his usual salary or wages; provided, however, that request shall be made for such leave of absence prior to the day of election, and provided further, that this section shall not apply to a voter on the day of election if there are three successive hours while the polls are open in which he is not in the service of his employer. The employer may specify any three hours between the time of opening and the time of closing the polls during which such employee may absent himself.

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