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New York Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in New York

To register to vote in the State of New York, an individual must meet the following qualifications:

  • be a United States citizen;
  • be 18 years old by December 31 of the year in which you file this form (note: you must be 18 years old by the date of the general, primary or other election in which you want to vote);
  • live at your present address at least 30 days before an election;
  • not be in prison or on parole for a felony conviction and;
  • not be adjudged mentally incompetent by a court;
  • not claim the right to vote elsewhere.

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote In New York

How Do I Register To Vote in New York

Voting At The Polls On Election Day

WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING

What Do I Need When I Go To Vote?

  • the driver's license number
  • non- driver’s ID number
  • or the last four digits of your social security number

If you do not provide your driver’s license number or the last four digits of your social security number at the time you submit your registration form by mail, you can include a copy of any of the following documentation with your registration application:

  • Current and Valid Photo ID
  • Current Utility Bill
  • Bank Statement
  • Government Check or Paycheck
  • Government Document that shows Name and Address

If the voter has not provided any of the acceptable forms of identification by the time they vote in an Election, the voter will not be allowed to vote on the poll site scanner, but will be able to vote by affidavit ballot.

The voter will not be denied the right to vote.

Learn more about New York: Voting at The Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in New York

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Closed Primaries

Only registered voters from participating parties may vote. Only voters affiliated with a particular party may vote in its primary (except the Independence Party, which permits non-enrolled voters to vote in their primary elections). Voters must register with their preferred party one month before the preceding general election in order to vote in the upcoming Presidential Primary.

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in New York

Qualifications to Vote by Absentee Ballot

  • Absent from your county or, if a resident of New York City absent from said city, on Election Day.
  • Unable to appear at the polls due to temporary or permanent illness or disability; or because you are the primary care giver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled.
  • A patient or inmate in a Veterans' Administration Hospital.
  • Detained in jail awaiting Grand Jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony.

How to Vote by Absentee Ballot (Deadlines)

  • Applications for Absentee Ballots are available at your county board of elections.
  • You may also download a PDF version of the New York State Absentee Ballot Application Form
  • Upon completion, applications must be mailed to your county board no later than the seventh day before the election or delivered in person no later than the day before the election.
  • You may also request an Absentee Ballot by sending a letter to your county board of elections. The letter must be received by your county board no earlier than 30 days and no later than seven days before the election. The letter must contain the following information:
  • the address where you are registered
  • an address where the ballot is to be sent
  • the reason for the request, and
  • the signature of the voter

An application form will be mailed with your ballot. The application form must be completed and returned with your ballot.

If you cannot pick up your ballot, or will not be able to receive it through the mail, you have the right to designate someone to pick it up for you. Only that person designated on your application may pick up and deliver your ballot.

If you are permanently ill or disabled, you have the right to receive an Absentee Ballot for each subsequent election without further application. Simply file an application with your county board of elections indicating permanent illness or physical disability. You will then automatically receive an absentee ballot for every election until your registration is canceled.

Learn more about Absentee Voting

What If My Address Has Changed

Change of Name and/or Address

  • The voter registration form should be used as a change of address form. Notices of change of address from registered voters received at least 20 days before a special, primary or general election by a county board of elections must be processed and entered in the records in time for that election.

College Students

  • At School. Students can establish residency in New York if they have a present intention to remain at their New York school address for the time being, and they intend to make it their principal home.[9] Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional.
  • At Home. Students who lived in New York before moving elsewhere to attend school, and who wish to establish or keep their New York voting residency (i.e., at their parents’ New York address), should have no problem doing so unless they have already registered to vote in another state. New York explicitly allows students to keep their voting residency even if they move out of their district to attend school, and the only way you will lose this residency is by establishing residency in a new state.[10] While registering to vote in another state is not automatically considered an abandonment of your New York residency, some judges or officials might view it as such. If you have established residency in another state and are moving back to New York with the intent to reside here, you will have to follow the normal registration procedures to re-register in New York.

Learn more about Movers/college students Voting

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  • State Voting Guide
  • Elections Calendar
  • States Summary

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check New York upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 6:00 AM-9:00 PM

Primary Elections:

  • POLLS OPEN AT 6 AM - CLOSE AT 9 PM. In New York City and the counties of Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland, Orange, Putnam and Erie
  • POLLS OPEN AT 12 NOON and CLOSE AT 9 PM. In all other counties
General Election: POLLS OPEN AT 6 AM - CLOSE AT 9 PM

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use voterlookup.elections.state.ny.us to find your voting precinct and polling location. If you have any issues or questions, please contact your County Clerk

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NO: New York does not provide Same Day Voter Registration. You must register to vote by the voter registration deadline in order to vote in an election. If you miss the voter registration deadline for an election you should contact your local election office.

Can I Take Time Off For Voting? Yes

Employees who do not have 4 consecutive non-working hours between polls opening and closing, and who do not have "sufficient" non-working time to vote, are entitled to up to 2 hours paid leave to vote. Employees must request the leave between 2 and 10 days before Election Day. The employer can specify whether it be taken at beginning or end of shift. Employers must post this rule conspicuously 10 days prior to election.

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