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South Dakota Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in South Dakota

To register to vote in South Dakota, you must:

  • Be a United States citizen
  • Reside in South Dakota
  • Be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
  • Not currently serving a sentence for a felony conviction which included imprisonment, served or suspended, in an adult penitentiary system
  • Not be judged mentally incompetent by a court of law

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote In South Dakota?

How Do I Register To Vote in South Dakota

Voting At The Polls On Election Day


All voters who appear at a polling place must show proof of identification. Approved forms of photo identification include:

  • Yes. The acceptable forms of photo ID are:
  • A South Dakota driver's license or non-driver ID card;
  • A passport or other picture ID issued by the United States government;
  • U.S. Armed Forces ID
  • A current student photo ID issued by a South Dakota high school or postsecondary education institution.
  • If you do not have an acceptable form of photo ID, you may complete an affidavit in lieu of the personal identification. You will provide your name and address and sign the affidavit under penalty of perjury.
  • Tribal photo ID

Learn more about Voting at the Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in South Dakota

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Semi-closed Primaries

The South Dakota Republican Primary is closed to only registered Republicans. The South Dakota Democratic Primary is open to registered Democrats and Independents, but not Republicans.

Parties may choose to allow for semi-closed elections. Democrats have opened up their primaries to allow unaffiliated voters to vote.

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in South Dakota

Any registered voter may vote by absentee ballot.

  • If you are unable to attend your polling place in person on Election Day, you may be eligible to vote by absentee ballot. To vote by absentee ballot, a voter must request an absentee ballot application from your County Election Official. The County Election Official will send a paper absentee ballot to the voter. The voter then completes the ballot and returns it to the County Election Official.
  • In South Dakota, the County Election Official must receive your application for absentee ballot no later than 5 p.m. on Election Day. Make sure you are registered before you apply to vote by absentee ballot.
  • In the event of confinement because of sickness or disability, a qualified voter may apply in writing and obtain an absentee ballot by authorized messenger. An authorized messenger delivers the ballot from the County Election Official to the qualified voter and then delivers the marked ballot to the County Election Official. Any application for a ballot by authorized messenger must be received by the person in charge of the election before 3:00 p.m. the day of the election.

Learn more about Absentee Ballot Voting in South Dakota

What If My Address Has Changed

Wanting to Change Address

  • If you have had an address change, you must re-register to vote by completing a new voter registration form. Make sure to fill out the “Previous Voter Registration Information Required” section with your old address.

Students From Other States

  • Students who are from other states may choose to register to vote in South Dakota, or may vote absentee with their home state. Please visit your state's Secretary of State webpage to find any information on elections and voting.

Learn more about Movers and college students Voting

Have A Question?

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  • State Ballots for this year election cycle
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  • States Summary

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check South Dakota upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 7:00 AM-7:00 PM

Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time.

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use to check your voter registration information, polling place location and your sample ballot for elections. If you have any issues or questions, please contact your County Clerk

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NO: South Dakota does not provide Same Day Voter Registration. You must register to vote by the voter registration deadline in order to vote in an election. If you miss the voter registration deadline for an election you should contact your local election office.

Can I Take Time Off For Voting? Yes

Any person entitled to vote at any election held within this state, including a primary election, shall, on the day of such election, be entitled to absent himself from any service or employment in which he is then engaged or employed for a period of two consecutive hours between the time of opening and the time of closing the polls; provided such person does not have a period of two consecutive hours during the time the polls are open during which he is not required to be present at his work or place of employment.

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