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Texas Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in Texas

To vote in Texas, you must be registered. Simply pick up a voter registration application, fill it out, and mail it at least 30 days before the election date.

To register to vote in the State of Texas, an individual must meet the following qualifications:

  • You are a United States citizen;
  • You are a resident of the county where you submit the application;
  • You are at least 18 years old on Election Day;
  • You are not a convicted felon (you may be eligible to vote if you have completed your sentence, probation, and parole); and
  • You have not been declared by a court exercising probate jurisdiction to be either totally mentally incapacitated or partially mentally incapacitated without the right to vote.

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote In Texas?

How Do I Register To Vote in Texas

Voting At The Polls On Election Day

WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING

Required Identification for Voting in Person

On August 10, 2016, a federal district court entered an order changing the voter identification requirements for all elections held in Texas after August 10, 2016 until further notice. As a result, voters who possess an acceptable form of photo identification for voting listed below are still required to present it in order to vote in person in all Texas elections. The acceptable form of photo identification may be expired up to four years. Voters who do not possess an acceptable form of photo identification and cannot obtain one of the forms of acceptable photo identification listed below due to a reasonable impediment, may present a supporting form of identification and execute a Reasonable Impediment Declaration, noting the voter’s reasonable impediment to obtaining an acceptable form of photo identification, and stating that the voter is the same person on the presented supporting form of identification.

Texas voters must show a photo ID to vote in elections in Texas, unless you are exempt

  • Texas driver license issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS)
  • Texas Election Identification Certificate issued by DPS
  • Texas personal identification card issued by DPS
  • Texas license to carry a handgun issued by DPS
  • United States military identification card containing the person’s photograph
  • United States citizenship certificate containing the person’s photograph
  • United States passport

With the exception of the U.S. citizenship certificate, the identification must be current or have expired no more than 4 years before being presented for voter qualification at the polling place. Election Identification Certificates are available from DPS driver license offices during regular business hours

Here is a list of the supporting forms of ID that can be presented if the voter does not possess one of the forms of acceptable photo ID and cannot obtain one due to a reasonable impediment:

  • Valid voter registration certificate
  • Certified birth certificate (must be an original)
  • Copy of or original current utility bill
  • Copy of or original bank statement
  • Copy of or original government check
  • Copy of or original paycheck
  • Copy of or original government document with your name and an address (original required if it contains a photograph)

After presenting a supporting form of ID, the voter must execute a Reasonable Impediment Declaration.

Learn more about Voting at the Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in Texas

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Open Primaries

An election held by a political party under Chapter 172 of the Texas Election Code to select its nominees for public office, and, unless the context indicates otherwise, the term includes a presidential primary election. The winning candidates from each party will later go up against each other in the general election. A primary may be either “open” — allowing any registered voter in a state to vote for a candidate to represent a political party, or “closed” — allowing only registered voters who belong to a particular political party to vote for a candidate from that party. Texas has an open primary, but voters affiliate with a political party by voting in that party’s primary.

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in Texas

Who is Eligible to Vote Early in Texas?

  • Any registered voter may vote early by personal appearance (in person).
  • You may vote at any early voting location in your county of registration.

Can anybody vote early by mail (also referred to as “absentee voting”)?

  • Only specific reasons entitle a registered voter to vote early by mail (no longer called absentee voting). You may request a ballot by mail if you:
  • will be away from your county on Election Day and during the hours that early voting is conducted;
  • are sick or disabled;
  • are 65 years of age or older on Election Day; or
  • are confined in jail.

Learn more about Early Voting: Voting By Absentee Ballot

What If My Address Has Changed

Students

  • If you’re a student who spends several weeks or months a year in different locations but wants to vote in Texas, you’ll need to decide which place in Texas is the place you call “home,” i.e., where you intend to return after you’ve been away. If you consider your parents’ address to be your permanent residence, you may use that address as your registration address. If you would like to register to vote at your college address, you may do so, but you can’t be registered in both places.
  • If you consider yourself a permanent resident of another state, you’ll need to consult with officials there for registration and ballot-by-mail procedures.
  • Lesson Two: Voting away from home.
  • If you’re attending a college or university away from home, you can vote early by mail if you claimed as your primary residence the address where you live while not attending school – in other words, where a parent or guardian lives.
  • To request that an early voting ballot be sent to the address where you are physically planning to be at election time (e.g.,at school), you must fill out an

Movers

  • If you moved within the same county where you are currently registered, you must file the new address information in writing with your voter registrar OR you may submit the "in county" change online. The last day to make a change of address that will be effective for the May 24, 2016 Election is April 25, 2016. If you missed this deadline, you may return to your old precinct to vote, if you still live in the political subdivision holding the election. If you moved within the county, you will have to go back to the precinct in which you are currently registered (your “old” precinct), and, at that location, you will be required to complete a "statement of residence" confirming your new address. This will act to update your registration information for the future. You will then be allowed to vote a regular ballot as long as you are otherwise eligible.
  • If you moved to a “new county,” you must re-register in your new county of residence by April 25, 2016, to be eligible to vote in the May 24, 2016 Election (unless you are eligible to vote a “limited ballot,” see below).
  • Addresses and phone numbers of Voter Registrars
  • LIMITED BALLOT OPTION: If you have moved to a new county and have not re-registered in the new county by the April 25, 2016 deadline, you may be eligible to vote a limited ballot in your new county. A limited ballot means that you would be allowed to vote on any candidates and measures in common between your former and new county. This procedure is only available during the early voting period; you may NOT vote a limited ballot on election day. You must be a current registered voter in your former county in order to qualify OR you must have been registered in your old county at the time you submitted a voter registration application in your new county, if you have done so. For full information on this procedure, go to Special Forms of Early Voting (PDF). If you feel you qualify to vote a limited ballot, we recommend that you contact the office of the Early Voting Clerk in your new county.

Learn more about Movers/college students Voting

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check Texas upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 7:00 AM-7:00 PM

Sec. 41.031. VOTING HOURS.: Except as provided by Section 41.033, the polls shall be opened at 7 a.m. for voting and shall be closed at 7 p.m. A voter who has not voted before the time for closing the polls is entitled to vote after that time if the voter is inside or waiting to enter the polling place at 7 p.m.

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use team1.sos.state.tx.us to find your polling location.To do a polling place search, you may select one of three methods: search by: 1. your Texas driver's license number, if you provided it when you applied for voter registration; 2. your Voter Unique Identifier (VUID),which appears on your voter registration certificate; or 3. your first and last name

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NO: Texas does not provide Same Day Voter Registration. You must register to vote by the voter registration deadline in order to vote in an election. If you miss the voter registration deadline for an election you should contact your local election office.

Can I Take Time Off For Voting? Yes

Employees must be given time to vote without any penalty if polls are not open for 2 consecutive hours outside the employee's work day.

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