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New Hampshire Voting Quick Facts

Who Can Register to vote in New Hampshire

Who is eligible to vote?

  • Be a New Hampshire residents
  • United States citizens
  • who will be 18 years of age or older on election day
  • There is no minimum period of time you are required to have lived in the state before being allowed to register.
  • ou can only register in the town or ward in which you are domiciled

Learn more about Who Can Register To Vote in New Hampshire?

How Do I Register To Vote in New Hampshire

Voting At The Polls On Election Day

WHAT IS AN ACCEPTABLE FORM OF IDENTIFICATION FOR VOTING

I. (a) A person desiring to vote shall, before being admitted to the enclosed space within the guardrail, announce his or her name and address to one of the ballot clerks who shall, if the name is found on the checklist by the ballot clerk, repeat the name and address. If the address announced by voter is different from what appears on the checklist, but is in the same town or ward, the ballot clerk shall correct the address in red on the paper checklist and the supervisors of the checklist shall cause the centralized voter registration database to reflect the correction.

(b) The voter, if the ballot clerk determines that he or she is qualified to vote in the town or ward, and unless challenged as provided for in RSA 659:27 through 659:33, shall then be asked to present proof of his or her identity meeting the requirements of paragraph II. If the voter presents such proof of identity to the ballot clerk, the ballot clerk shall give the voter one of each ballot to be voted on in that election which shall be folded as it was upon receipt from the secretary of state. The ballot clerk shall also mark the checklist using a ruler or other straight edge to ensure accuracy of the mark in order to show that the voter obtained his or her ballot. If the photo identification is an out-of state driver's license or nondriver's identification card, the ballot clerk shall record the state of issuance on the checklist in accordance with uniform procedures developed by the secretary of state in a color designated for such entries and the supervisors of the checklist or designee shall submit the information to the secretary of state within 30 days of the election. The voter shall then be allowed to enter the space enclosed by the guardrail to mark and cast his or her ballot.

(c)(1) If the voter does not have a valid photo identification, the ballot clerk shall inform the voter that he or she may execute a challenged voter affidavit. The voter shall receive an explanatory document prepared by the secretary of state explaining the proof of identity requirements. If the voter executes a challenged voter affidavit, the ballot clerk shall mark the checklist in accordance with uniform procedures developed by the secretary of state.

(2) If the voter executes a challenged voter affidavit, the moderator or the moderator's designee shall take a photograph of the voter and immediately print and attach the photograph to, and thus make it a part of, the affidavit form. The photograph shall be 2 inches by 2 inches, or larger, and be in color. The moderator or his or her designee who took the photograph and the voter shall then sign the challenged voter affidavit. The moderator or designee shall delete the photograph from the camera in the presence of the voter. If the moderator or his or her designee is unable to take the voter's photograph due to equipment failure or other cause beyond the moderator's or his or her designee's reasonable control, the voter may execute a challenged voter affidavit without a photograph.

(3) If the voter objects to the photograph requirement because of religious beliefs, he or she may execute an affidavit of religious exemption in accordance with RSA 659:13-b, which shall be attested to by an election officer and attached to the challenged voter affidavit.

(4) The person entering voter information into the centralized voter registration database shall cause the records to indicate when a voter has not presented a valid photo identification and has executed a challenged voter affidavit.

II. (a) A valid photo identification shall show the name of the individual to whom the identification was issued, and the name shall substantially conform to the name in the individual's voter registration record; it also shall show a photograph of the individual to whom the identification was issued. The photo identification shall also have an expiration date that has not been exceeded by a period of more than 5 years , except that a voter 65 years of age or older may use an otherwise qualified form of identification without regard to expiration date, and except that student identification cards shall comply with the date requirements in subparagraph

The following forms of identification bearing a photograph of the voter shall satisfy the identification requirements of paragraph I:

  • (1) A driver's license issued by any state or the federal government.
  • (2) An identification card issued under RSA 260:21 or a nondriver's identification card issued by the motor vehicles division, department, agency, or office of any other state.
  • (3) A United States armed services identification card.
  • (4) A United States passport or passcard.
  • (5) A valid student identification card if:
  • (A) The card is issued by:
  • (i) A college, university, or career school in New Hampshire and approved to operate or licensed to operate in New Hampshire.
  • (ii) A public high school in New Hampshire.
  • (iii) A nonpublic high school in New Hampshire accredited by a private school accrediting agency that is recognized by the department of education.
  • (iv) Dartmouth College.
  • (v) A college or university operated by the university system of New Hampshire or the community college system of New Hampshire.
  • (B) The card has either an expiration date or an issuance date that has not been exceeded by a period of more than 5 years, except that, at all elections prior to September 1, 2018, student identification cards without a date of expiration or issuance shall be accepted.
  • (6) A challenged voter affidavit in accordance with subparagraph I(c).
  • (7) A photo identification not authorized by subparagraphs (1) through (6) but determined to be legitimate by the supervisors of the checklist, the moderator, or the clerk of a town, ward, or city, provided that if any person authorized to challenge a voter under RSA 659:27 objects to the use of such photo identification, identifies the reason for the objection in writing, and states the specific source of the information or personal knowledge upon which the challenge of the photo identification is based, the voter shall be required to execute a challenged voter affidavit as if no identification was presented.

(b) In addition to the forms of photo identification authorized in subparagraph (a), the identification requirements of paragraph I may be satisfied by verification of the person's identity by a moderator or supervisor of the checklist or the clerk of a town, ward, or city, provided that if any person authorized to challenge a voter under RSA 659:27 objects to such verification, identifies the reason for the objection in writing, and states the specific source of the information or personal knowledge upon which the challenge of the photo identification is based, the voter shall be required to execute a challenged voter affidavit as if no verification was made.

(c) The secretary of state shall post the lists of educational institutions provided by the commissioner of the department of education under RSA 21-N:4, XI on the department of state's website, and otherwise shall make such lists available to local election officials.

  • III. If a voter on the nonpublic checklist executes an affidavit in accordance with subparagraph I(c), the affidavit shall not be subject to RSA 91-A
  • IV. (a) The secretary of state shall cause a letter of identity verification to be mailed by first class mail to each voter who executed a challenged voter affidavit or affidavit of religious exemption in accordance with paragraph I, unless the same person is sent letter of identity verification pursuant to RSA 654:12, V(b). The letter shall be mailed by January 10 in every odd-numbered year in the case of persons executing challenged voter affidavits or affidavits of religious exemption at a state primary or general election, or within 90 days after any other election. The secretary of state shall mark the envelope with instructions to the United States Post Office not to forward the letter and to provide address correction information. The letter shall notify the person that a person who did not present valid photo identification voted using his or her name and address and instruct the person to return the letter within 30 days with a written confirmation that the person voted or to contact the attorney general immediately if he or she did not vote. The letter shall also inform the person of the procedure for obtaining a free nondriver's picture identification card for voting purposes.

(b) The secretary of state shall cause any letters mailed pursuant to subparagraph (a) that are returned as undeliverable by the United States Post Office to be referred to the attorney general. The secretary of state shall also prepare and forward to the attorney general a list of all persons who were mailed letters under subparagraph (a) and have not confirmed that they voted. Upon receipt of notice from a person who receives a letter of identity verification that the person did not vote, or upon receipt of a referral from the secretary of state, the attorney general shall cause an investigation to be made to determine whether fraudulent voting occurred.

(c) Within 60 days after any election held after November 1, 2012, the secretary of state shall compile a report by voting district of the number of voters who registered or voted on election day but did not present valid photo identification, and forward the report to the speaker of the house of representatives, the president of the senate, and the chairpersons of the appropriate house and senate standing committees with jurisdiction over election law.

V. (a) The secretary of state shall provide to each town or city the photography equipment, supplies, and printing device that are necessary to enable it to comply with the photograph provision of subparagraph I(c), along with instructions in their use.

Learn more about Voting at the Polls on Election Day

Who Can Vote in Primary Elections in New Hampshire

Both Democrats and Republicans hold Semi-closed Primaries

Can I vote in a primary if I am an undeclared voter?

Yes. An undeclared voter may vote in a state primary or a presidential primary. You will be required to choose either a Republican or Democratic ballot when you go to vote.

How do I return to undeclared status after voting in a state primary or presidential primary?

When you vote on a party ballot in a state or presidential primary, you become a registered member of that party unless you fill out a card to or sign a list to return to undeclared status with the supervisors of the checklist before leaving the polling place.

How do I change my party affiliation?

You may change your party affiliation with the clerk of the town or city where you are domiciled or at any scheduled meeting of the supervisors of the checklist except for during the period of time between the first day of the filing period for the primary election and/or the presidential primary election and the date of the primary election itself.

Click here for additional information

Who Can Vote Absentee in New Hampshire

Absentee ballots are available from your town or city clerk approximately 30 days prior to an election. Request the absentee ballot application from the clerk or you may download the application; or, if you wish, you may submit a request in writing which should include all the information that is required on the application. Don’t forget your name, voting address, mailing address and your signature.

An application for an absentee ballot may be transmitted by facsimile to a town or city clerk.

  • Clerks may accept completed absentee ballots submitted in person by the voter until 5:00 p.m. the day before an election. A voter's absentee ballot may also be returned in person by the voter's parent, spouse, sibling or child to the town clerk. The person returning the absentee ballot shall complete a form and provide proper ID before the clerk will accept the ballot. Also, absentee ballots will be accepted until 5:00 p.m. on election day if received through the mail.
  • NEVER leave a completed absentee ballot in a box, on a desk, or slipped through the clerk's window or door.
  • A marked absentee ballot may NOT be transmitted by facsimile to a town or city clerk.

Learn more about Absentee Voting

What If My Address Has Changed

How do I change my residence address that appears on the voter checklist?

  • You may change your address within the same town or city with the clerk of the town or city where you are domiciled up to 10 days before any election or at any scheduled meeting of the supervisors of the checklist. You may also change your address with the inspectors of election (ballot clerks) who check in voters and provide ballots on election day at the polling place, so long as the address is within the same town or ward.
  • If you move outside the town or ward where you are registered, you have to re-register in the new town or ward if you wish to vote.

Voting As A College Student

  • New Hampshire election law provides college students with a special privilege when determining where they register to vote. A college student in New Hampshire may choose as his/her voting domicile, either the domicile he/she held before entering college or the domicile he/she has established while attending college. New Hampshire law provides the following definition of domicile:
  • An inhabitant's domicile for voting purposes is that one place where a person, more than any other place, has established a physical presence and manifests an intent to maintain a single continuous presence for domestic, social, and civil purposes relevant to participating in democratic self-government. A person has the right to change domicile at any time, however a mere intention to change domicile in the future does not, of itself, terminate an established domicile before the person actually moves.
  • Under no circumstances may college students retain two voting domiciles. Like any other citizen, college students have only one voting domicile and may only cast one vote in any election. A student of any institution may lawfully claim domicile for voting purposes in the New Hampshire town or city in which he or she lives while attending such institution of learning if such student’s claim of domicile otherwise meets the requirements of the paragraph above.

Learn more about Movers/college students Voting

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When Is The Next Election?

Upcoming Elections Calendar - Election dates and deadlines - Check New Hampshire upcoming elections schedule

Poll Hours: 7:00 AM-7:00 PM

In New Hampshire, polling place hours of operation vary. In general, polling places open between 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. and close at 7:00 p.m. Eastern Time

How can I find my polling location?

If you do not know where your polling place is,you can use cfs.sos.nh.gov to find your ballot information, polling location, political party association and more. If you have any issues or questions, please contact your County Clerk

Can I Register At The Polls On Election Day?

NEW HAMPSHIRE : Yes

You may register to vote in the town or city clerk's office in the town or city where you are domiciled up to 10 days before any election or scheduled meeting.Unregistered voters may register and vote on election day

Can I Take Time Off For Voting?

A person who is unable to appear at any time during polling hours at his or her polling place because an employment obligation requires the person to remain physically at work or to be in transit to or from work from the time the polls open until after the time the polls close shall be considered absent.

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